Complying with the NSW Pool Fencing Regulations in 2020

David's inspection after

Complying with the NSW Pool Fencing Regulations in 2021

In 2021 many people are confused regarding the most recent 2018 Swimming Pools Regulation and associated Standards that apply to Swimming Pool Compliance in NSW. Owning a pool with a non compliant fence comes with great risk. If a child gets into your pool enclosure and there is an incident, and even worse, an accident or death, you will find yourself self-insured unless you have notified your insurer that you do not hold a Compliance Certificate as per your duty of care. All pool enclosures must comply with the NSW swimming pool compliance regulations whether you are familiar with the regulations or not.

So, what can every swimming pool owner do to avoid the risk of penalties arising from a spot check from your local Council and ensure a safe swimming environment for your family? To keep yourself on track, there are some important things that you need to know to comply with the pool fencing regulations in NSW.  Feel free to Contact POOL CERTIFY with any enquiry.

While leasing or selling properties with swimming pools

Are you planning to sell or rent a property with a swimming pool? There are several points worth your consideration and if not addressed can have quite an impact on your liability.  First and foremost under the new legislation you cannot lease out your property with a pool or spa without first organising and obtaining a Certificate of Compliance.  Property Managers should not be advertising properties and it certainly is a huge risk to allow a tenant to reside in your property without including a current Compliance Certificate within the Leasing Contract

Leasing or selling properties with swimming pools have specific rules in NSW. In 2013 it became mandatory for all swimming pools to be registered on the NSW Swimming Pool Register. If your pool or spa is not registered, the first step is to organise registration. How do you check? Go to and type in your address. If there is no evidence of a registered pool at your address, read on for instructions on how to register your pool or spa.

Next step, book an inspection with an Accredited Certifier. This is essential for landlords with expiring compliance certificates and where tenants have given notice. Landlords must not enter into a new Lease without a current Compliance Certificate. Owners who are selling do have the option to sell with a Non Compliance Certificate, but must still have their pool enclosure inspected by an Accredited Certifier.

Are you Buying a House with a Pool?

When it comes to buying a house with a swimming pool, most purchasers prefer to buy a house where the pool that has been issued with a Compliance Certificate as this means the buyer can rest easy knowing that the pool enclosure is safe and compliant. We meet many new owners who have no idea how to rectify the issues because these were not explained to them. This is where your Accredited Certifier can assist with advice specific to your pool enclosure.

Making Sure Your Kid’s are Safe in the Pool

Kids want to spend all their time in the pool where they play and jump around with much excitement but kids are unaware of the hidden dangers that pool owners must become familiar with. Sure, your swimming pool is a great place for relaxation and enjoyment, but you should make sure that the safety of your kids shouldn’t be overlooked by ensuring your pool fences do the job they are intended for – keeping children out of the pool unless actively supervised by an adult. The Number 1 issue we see is where pool owners are using their swimming pool enclosure as an entertainment centre, with other activities going on such as dining, watching TV, cooking and hanging out the clothes. This is a recipe for disaster and many pool owners will prop the pool gate because all the leisure activities are going on inside the pool enclosure and supervision becomes passive as the adults are engaged in other activities and may be unaware that their child has quietly fallen into the pool water.  It happens… we lead busy lives with many distractions such as mobile phones that distract us.

You should supervise your under 5’s at all times and never allow them to play around the pool without active arms length supervision. Moreover, installing a compliant pool barrier is also vital to restrict the access of your kids into the pool without you. Children are attracted to water, but must learn that a secure fence is there to protect innocent youngsters from the dangers of getting into trouble in the water. Many pool owners are unable to identify the difference between a compliant and a non compliant pool fence as they are not familiar with the Regulations and Standards that apply to their pool. Our advice to contact an Accredited Certifier to ensure that your pool enclosure is compliant.

Pool Safety Certificate Sydney

Registering your Pool on the Swimming Pool Register –
To register your swimming pool, just fill out the on line registration form by answering four simple questions about your property and swimming pool or spa.

If your pool fails to meet the pool fence standards –

The private certifier or local council will issue a non-compliance certificate if your pool fails to meet the pool fence standards. The purpose of a non-compliance certificate is simple – it allows home owners to market and potentially sell their property without rectifying the non-compliances first. The purchaser agrees to rectify all non-compliances and they have 90 days to do that before they are in breach of the terms of the non-compliance certificate.

All swimming pools and spas are required to be compliant. Just because you are selling does not mean you are totally exempt in fact your local council has a mandate to inspect every swimming pool in their area once in five years and they are out in force now, carrying out spot checks and issuing fines. However don’t expect your local council inspector to give you details of how to rectify your pool fencing so that you can achieve compliance as they generally will not. At POOL CERTIFY we ensure that you do know exactly how to rectify issue so we recommend you nominate and organise an inspection with us. Our Certifiers offer a premium inspection which includes a walk through with our Certifier to discuss the various options specific to your swimming pool enclosure, so that you can rectify with confidence and a full understanding of what you need to do. For example there is only one way to correctly extend the height of your Boundary Fence, yet many ways to do it incorrectly. Would you want to risk getting it wrong?

Checklist Item 1 – Pool Fence

According to NSW Swimming Pool Regulation, your swimming pool should be surrounded by a sturdy and fully compliant pool barrier. As a swimming pool owner, you should understand that your pool fence should be at least 1200mm from finished ground level. Where does that mean though? Can you identify if you pool fence actually does measure 1200mm and where to measure the height from? Many do not. In addition, there should be not more than 100mm gap below the fence.

If you have a boundary fence which is also a part of the pool barrier, the height of the fence should be at least 1800mm measured from finished ground level at the base of the fence and on your side of the fence (poolside) –  (not from the neighbours’ side – unless your pool was built prior to 2008 and can comply with the earlier Standard).  Any gaps below the fence must be securely filled with compliant materials. Make sure you have an approved legible CPR sign securely and correctly installed near the shallow end of your pool.

Checklist Item 2 – Pool Gate

Your pool gate should be self-closing from any position. It must have a child-resistant latching device which is at least 1500mm above the ground level so that young children cannot reach the latching device. For glass fencing the gate release can be located at least 150mm below the top of the gate. In addition to, you pool gate should open outwards from the pool so that kids cannot put a chair in front of the gate to reach the latch and then easily open the gate.

Checklist Item 3 – Windows and Doors

If your pool has windows overlooking the pool area, they must not open more than 100mm. If you have a door from your Residence that opens directly into your pool enclosure, you need to seek guidance from an accredited certifier before you make any changes to your pool enclosure. If you do not have compliant separation of  the Residence from the swimming pool, you will need to comply with the current Standard; the opportunity to apply the older standard would be lost.

Checklist Item 4 – Non-Climbable Zone (NCZ)

According to standard AS1926.1-2012 Standard, a Non-Climbable Zone is necessary to make sure that child’s access to the swimming pool is restricted. There are up to five non climbable zones and 1-2 clear zones within a pool enclosure.

For example, all swimming pools have a 900mm Non-Climbable Zone around the outside of the pool fence that extends in both an upward and downward direction. There shouldn’t be any potential footholds like gate hinges, chairs, shrubs, trees, ladders, pot plants and other objects or changes in ground level that your kids can climb on easily.

Checklist Item 5 – Indoor Pools

Indoor pools have their own set of pool compliance regulations in NSW. Put simply, your pool should have an outward opening, self-closing, self-latching pool gate or door with a latching device which is at least 1500mm above the ground level. If there are any pet doors or wall openings, they mustn’t open more than 100mm. There are strict requirements for any windows that overlook an indoor pool, depend an upon the height of the window sill.

Certificate of Compliance Sydney

Relying on an Accredited Certifier for Pool Inspection –

E1 Accredited Certifiers are public officers who are authorised to inspect and check whether your swimming pool meets all the compliance standards proficiently. A public officer is engaged by the pool owner but must work in the public interest, which could mean the pool owner is asked to carry out works in order to comply. You should be aware that if the outcome of any inspection is not to your liking, this is not considered to be grounds for cancellation and your inspector is legally obliged to issue you with a Notice to Comply.   For further information on the roles and responsibilities of a pool owner and a private certifier, contact POOL CERTIFY, who can email you a Fair Trading Information Sheet.

Final Consideration –

Meeting all the swimming pool compliance requirements seems like a complex and difficult process. Many pool owners tell us their pool is compliant but they have failed to recognise the changes they have made over the years, such as building in BBQ’s, garden beds, adding a deck or making other significant changes. To follow the NSW swimming pool regulations, you may well need the guidance of our professional certifiers whether it be a formal inspection or on a consultation basis, however we know from experience that having a safe and fully compliant pool is achievable. Our advice is to only make changes to your pool enclosure after you have met with our professional. Many pool owners rely on conversations with non-professionals and go ahead with changes first and find that they have made costly mistakes and still cannot be issued with a Compliance Certificate.  If you won’t see the value in engaging a professional, wait till you see how much the advice from a neighbour or friend can cost you!

Working with our trustworthy Pool Compliance Inspectors at Pool Certify is recommended to achieve a compliant pool enclosure in Sydney.

For more information about our services, please visit our website at

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Minimum Boundary Barrier height for AS1926.1-2012
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53 Responses

  1. Rachael

    We need to extend the height of a boundary fence (and also address a horizontal beam that we have in the NCZ). Can this be done by attaching 1800mm vertical palings to our side of the fence that ultimately go higher than the existing boundary fence in some places? Is this likely to pass an inspection in NSW?

    1. When extending boundary height, vertical palings are a good option.
      Just make sure that the taller palings are supported behind.
      If you are only extending let’s say 100mm, support probably would be minimal – maybe a horizontal stabilising timber to the back.
      If going up more, a more substantial framework might be needed in order to provide sufficient stability to the taller palings.

  2. Em Webb

    Hi: our neighbour has put up a pool wall at least 3metres high made of soft wood in a BAL29 rated area with sheets of corrugated iron. It is attached to the house and the house forms another part of the pool wall. That part of the house has windows . The entire structure wobbles in the 90km plus winds we get through our fully.
    Our council is being seriously fractious about our complaint – what more can we do?

    1. We suggest you write to the General Manager of your Council and if that is not successful, some pool owners have complained to the Office of Local Government, or their local Member.

  3. Chris

    My perimeter boundary fence is 1800 high and my internal property pool fence is 1250 high, As this is only a difference of 550mm, does the 900mm arc from the top of the 1800 fence lead to certification failure. I am hoping I am reading this wrong but if not, it means I need a perimeter fence of 2150 high to cater for the 900mm no climb zone (or are internal property pool fences exempt from the 900 NCZ? Cheers.

    1. Hi Chris, The current Standard permits a pool fence to intersect with an 1800mm high boundary fence provided that the surface width of the pool fence does not exceed 50mm. So if you have the usual metal pool fencing that is around 48mm or thereabouts in width its not a problem If the pool fencing is a brick wall for example, then no it would not be permitted.

    1. For properties 2 hectares or larger, there is more leeway in what is deemed compliant. The age of the pool and whether changes have been made have to be considered when determining if a fence is required.

  4. Peter Lawrence

    Can you clarify something for me about a 1800 boundary fence used as the pool fence. If there is a hedge inside the fence is it compliant if the hedge is trimmed back 300mm from the fence and down 900mm from the fence top? Thanks.

    1. Hi Peter, Not quite, as we don’t know what Standard applied to your pool. For example, you may have an 1800mm high boundary fence but your pool has been assessed under the older Standard that has a 300mm clear zone poolside. If you are trying to comply with AS1926.1-2012, then there is a 500mm Exclusion Zone at the base of your boundary fence, so any objects including the hedging must not reduce effective boundary fence height if in this zone. The 900mm NCZ from the top of the fence is correct for this Standard, but does not apply to AS1926.1-1986.

    1. Hi Amanda, not in NSW no. Having said that Council can allow exemptions for certain configurations if they choose to.
      The reason that private certifiers like us cannot issue compliance for this type of pool is because in 2011 the legislation was changed so that a pool wall cannot form a pool barrier no matter how high it is. The pool must be surrounded by a separate fence that is at least 300mm away from the pool wall. So you could fence it and comply in NSW without having to seek out an exemption from Council (which is unlikely to be issued)

  5. Steve

    My pool is 50 years old, the boundary fence is part of the pool fence and is a 1500mm hardwood paling fence. We are looking to renew, my fencing contractor states that the new wooden paling fence must be 1800mm high and the palings must be on the pool side, can you confirm this is correct and if not please direct me to where it states this in the government legislation etc.

    Cheers Steve

    1. Pool Certify

      Hi Steve, Your fencing contractor is correct. All new Boundary Fencing for pools must comply with AS1926.1-2012 which requires an 1800mm High Fence, with no climbable points in the upper 900mm. Depending on whether your neighbour also has a pool, there is an etiquette generally followed regarding who has any horizontal railings on their side. This is resolved by both of you having vertical palings. If you do have railings on your side, they must be spaced 900mm minimum apart. Unfortunately all Standards are copyrighted by Standards Australia which prevents certifiers sharing this legislation. Some Councils have a copy in their library or visit Council and ask them to show you.

    2. Hi Steve,
      Unclear what part of that question is asking about the legislation. I’ve posted below the extract from the Swimming Pools Regulation 2008 that states that any changes made will impact the Standard applied to any pool enclosure. That means that if you install a new boundary fence it must measure 1800mm.
      As for where the railings go, it’s generally understood that if you had railings on your side initially, then the railings go on your side again.
      To resolve that, (as the railings may not comply) install vertical palings your side. What your fencer may not have advised you is that the entire enclosure would need to comply with AS1926.1-2012 once you change the Boundary Fence.
      Swimming Pools Regulation 2008 – Part 6 Clause 23
      Existing complying swimming pools may continue to comply with earlier standards, but note that this clause does not apply in relation to an outdoor swimming pool:
      – if the child-resistant barrier by which access to the swimming pool is restricted is substantially altered or rebuilt.
      – if the premises in which the swimming pool is situated are substantially altered or rebuilt in a way that affects the means of access to the swimming pool.

  6. Michael

    Hi, if a pool was installed pre 2008 can it have a self closing sliding door from the house to the pool area in NSW? I have tried to research this but I can’t seem to confirm if this is ok. I would greatly appreciate you explaining exactly what is ok in NSW if you have a sliding door leading into a pool area. Thanks so much in advance.

  7. Brett

    We have a rural property and installing an inground pool, It will be located in front of our large deck which is about 2.5 metres off the ground which is completely secured with no access underneath. Are we allowed to use the front portion of the deck as fencing?

    1. Put simply the requirements for a new pool are that it be surrounded by a pool barrier. Your plans may be ok but we cannot determine that any other way than to see the proposed site and existing structures.


    Thanks for sharing information about complying with the NSW pool fencing regulations in 2020. I loved your blog and thanks for publishing this!! I am really happy to come across this exceptionally well written content. Thanks for sharing and look for more in future!!

  9. Mazie

    Thanks David Even though my pool was not compliant on its first inspection, thanks to your on-site help and a very comprehensive report highlighting the changes required, I am happy to now have a compliant enclosure. I can say to others that pool compliance can be complex and mistakes make during the construction of the enclosure will show up later when inspected and you then need professional advice on how to fix those problems. If you want more than just a non compliance certificate, you will find David very helpful and he responds quickly to any questions. I can recommend his services to others.

  10. Nancy Smithson

    I have to say pool compliance is more complicated that I thought. I knew I had a fence around the pool but wasn’t aware of all the non-climbable zones. Now I can see exactly what I need to do thanks to David’s time on site to explain all this to me.

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  12. I am so happy I found your blog and I absolutely love your information about pool fencing regulations and the tips you have shared are awesome. I liked and it is wonderful to know about so many things that are useful for all of us! Thanks a lot for this amazing blog!!

  13. Earnest Lofink

    Superb post however , I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Appreciate it!

  14. Trent Nelles

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  15. Thanks for the tip that signs for CPR procedure are often required when getting a swimming pool safety fencing Certifier to inspect it. I recently bought a property with a pool so this is most helpful.

    1. Pool Certify

      We appreciate that Georgio! I would warn pool owners that if you do not hold a Compliance Certificate for your pool or spa in Sydney, to get informed about what is required for a compliant pool enclosure.

    2. Pool Certify

      If you are a pool owner, I suggest you contact us to organise a pool inspection so that you can rest assured that the pool is compliant with NSW laws.
      Pool owners who do not have compliance are self-insured if there were to be an accident or incident in the pool

  16. Ed Birtwell

    I would like to point out my respect for your generosity supporting women who actually need help with this. These valuable guidelines can mean a lot a person like me so thanks.

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